Frequently Asked Questions
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Q: What is Music Therapy?
A: “Music Therapy is an established health profession in which music is used within a therapeutic relationship to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals. After assessing the strengths and needs of each client, the qualified music therapist provides the indicated treatment including creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music. Through musical involvement in the therapeutic context, clients’ abilities are strengthened and transferred to other areas of their lives. Music therapy also provides avenues for communication that can be helpful to those who find it difficult to express themselves in words. Research in music therapy supports its effectiveness in many areas such as: overall physical rehabilitation and facilitating movement, increasing people’s motivation to become engaged in their treatment, providing emotional support for clients and their families, and providing an outlet for expression of feelings.” -AMTA
Q: What is Music-Centered Music Therapy?
A: "Music-Centered Music Therapy" is a specific therapy approach in which music is the essential feature in the therapy experience. Here, music is used "as therapy" instead of a complementary feature "in therapy". This style of therapy includes spontaneous, yet purposeful and often improvisational music between the therapist and client(s). Music Therapy pioneers Paul Nordoff & Clive Robbins developed the idea that every person has a sensitivity to music that can be used for personal growth and development. Nordoff & Robbins have helped us understand how we all can respond to a musical experience, can engage in and remember the music, and can find enjoyment through some form of musical expression, communication or sharing.
Q: What is Neurologic Music Therapy?
A: "Neurologic Music Therapy" is a specific therapy approach guided by the evidence that music is processed throughout the entire brain, overlapping with non-musical networks. Purposeful music experiences are developed by the therapist to essentially "rewire" the brain, optimizing and creating new pathways to help develop and regain various non-musical functions. In this style of therapy, music is used to facilitate functional behavior with the ultimate goal being neuro-rehabilitation/habilitation. Therapists may create structured musical exercises or use improvisation to address client goals. Dr. Michael Thaut pioneered NMT, joining forces with neuroscientists and various clinicians and conducting numerous scientific/clinical research experiments in this area of study. He aims to bridge the gap between various disciplines by standardizing terminology and interventions, and collecting research for evidence-based practice. There are currently 20 recognized techniques, ranging from Musical Attention Control Training (used to improve attention skills) to Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation (used to help improve gait) to Melodic Intonation Therapy (used to help those with Aphasia regain the ability to speak).
Q: What are your fees and do you take insurance?
A: Therapy fees depend on the service(s) requested. Services may be covered by private insurance but reimbursement is not guaranteed. You will be provided with an Invoice/Receipt of Services upon payment, and can submit a claim to your insurance company. Mosaic Music Therapy is an NJ Medicaid and DDD authorized provider. We encourage you to contact your case manager for service authorization. You can learn more about our rates and reimbursement by contacting Mosaic Music Therapy directly via phone or email.
Q: What is Neuro-Rehabilitation?
A: Neuro-Rehabilitation is a branch of therapy that helps individuals rehabilitate cognitive (thinking) skills after a brain injury. The goal of Neuro-Rehabilitation at Mosaic Music Therapy is two-fold: it focuses on developing awareness of one's current abilities & challenges while actively strengthening the challenged areas of functioning during therapy. The unique nature of integrating Music Therapy into Neuro-Rehabilitation capitalizes on increased activity in the brain when participating in and responding to music. Many of our cognitive skills are quite active when playing or listening to music. At Mosaic, musically facilitated cognitive exercises in conjunction with instrumental and vocal music making are used to assist our clients in rehabilitating cognitive functioning.
Q: Do I need to know how to play an instrument in order to participate in therapy?
A: Prior experience with musical instruments is NOT necessary and will not present any barrier to fully participating in our therapy experience. This style of music therapy does encourage active involvement in music making with a variety of instruments, including drums (bongos, conga, snare drum), small percussion instruments (maracas, cabasa, tambourines, claves), melodic instruments (guitar, piano, reed horns, resonator bells, chimes), as well as a variety of other unique instruments.
Q: How does therapy typically start?
A: The first step to becoming involved in therapy at Mosaic is to contact us and arrange your free Intake Appointment. This allows the clinical staff to gather appropriate information from you and assist you in identifying the therapy service that would best fit your particular needs. Upon completion of the Intake Appointment, sessions can be scheduled on a weekly basis as needed & desired.
Q: What is the length and frequency of a typical session?
A: Individual Sessions are generally 30-45 minutes in duration. Group sessions are 45 minutes in duration. However, each client/group will have a full hour blocked off to allow for a time cushion before or after session. The number of sessions per week depends on your current therapy needs, but clients are typically scheduled for one session each week.
Q: How long will the course of therapy last?
A: The length of time a client is in therapy depends upon the nature of the client's needs and the goals of the therapy. Some clients have a very specific need that can be worked through in a set course of therapy. For others, therapy is an on-going growth and learning process and they choose to receive services for a longer period. A client can choose to terminate services at any time, but must provide 2 weeks notice. If and when all goals are met, or music therapy doesn't seem to be the right fit for an individual, a clinician may suggest a termination of services. In all cases, clinicians will provide their honest clinical judgment to ensure the best possible course of action.